Unlocking the Secrets of CIP Incoterms: A Complete Guide

Unveiling the Power of CIP Incoterms in International Trade

If you’re delving into the intricate world of international trade, understanding the ins and outs of CIP Incoterms is crucial. As an adept SEO content creator, I’m here to guide you through this perplexing but essential aspect of business transactions. So, let’s embark on this journey to unravel the mysteries of CIP, and why it’s vital in the world of commerce.

What is CIP Incoterms?

CIP, short for Carriage and Insurance Paid to, is a pivotal agreement that defines the responsibilities between the seller and the buyer. In this arrangement, the seller takes on the responsibility for delivery costs, freight, and insurance of the goods. However, once the goods are placed on the ship or cargo at the buyer’s destination, the seller’s risk concludes. The buyer then takes charge and pays for additional insurance during the carriage of the goods. It’s at this point that 100% of the risk transfers to the buyer.

When to Use CIP Incoterms?

Are you pondering when to utilize CIP Incoterms? Well, it’s the ideal choice when a seller is willing to cover freight and additional insurance costs to deliver goods to the first carrier at a predefined location. The beauty of CIP is that it can be employed for all modes of shipment, making it highly versatile. However, if you want a similar arrangement but without the seller purchasing insurance for goods during international transactions, you can opt for CPT.

Buyers and Sellers’ Responsibilities with CIP Incoterms

Seller’s Responsibilities:

  • Adherence to regulations stipulated in the delivery terms of the contract.
  • Providing proper goods along with a comprehensive commercial invoice.
  • Export-standard packaging and accurate marking of the goods.
  • Handling all export licenses and formalities.
  • Arranging the carriage of goods from the agreed delivery point.
  • Compliance with transport-related security requirements.
  • Covering all loading charges and insurable interest rates.
  • Avoiding superfluous clauses and incorporating relevant ones.
  • Timely delivery of goods to the carrier as per the contract.
  • Providing proof of delivery and ensuring all-risk insurance coverage.

Buyer’s Responsibilities:

  • Receiving the delivery of goods, often facilitated by another shipping company.
  • Payment for goods as per the sales contract.
  • Bearing the cost of import clearance and pre-shipment inspection.
  • Handling all import formalities and duties in line with institute cargo clauses.
  • Clearing import customs and preparing the necessary legal documents.
  • Assisting the seller in obtaining export clearance documents.

Pros and Cons of CIP Incoterms

CIP Incoterms have been a staple in international trade since their introduction in 1980. The key advantage is that the CIP seller must arrange for insurance against the buyer’s risk. This means that sellers can secure the minimum required insurance and still maintain competitive pricing. On the downside, the buyer might face challenges with insurers not being too eager to fulfill claims, and some countries may not permit CIP imports, mandating buyers to insure with an insurer in their destination country.


Confused between CIP and CIF? You’re not alone. Here’s a helpful chart to clear the fog:

DerivationCarriage and Insurance Paid ToCost, Insurance and Freight
Kinds of ShipmentsSupports multiple modesSupports only waterway
Containerized CargoPossible under CIPNot Possible
Transfer of ResponsibilityAt agreed location for dischargeAt Sea Port of Discharge
Point Risk TransfersUpon goods transfer to carrierAt Sea Port of Discharge
Insurance CoverageUp to the agreed destinationUp to the Sea Port of Discharge
SustainabilityModern problemsBackdated

CIP Incoterms Example

Let’s break it down with an example. If you choose CIP Beijing, it means the seller covers freight and insurance charges all the way to Beijing. This includes transportation costs via various modes: road, rail, sea, inland waterway, and air. The seller handles all aspects of transportation under the CIP term, but the buyer assumes the risk and responsibility once the goods are delivered at the agreed-upon destination.

FAQs about CIP

How Does CIP Work? Once goods are prepared for export, the seller ensures proper packing and transportation to the nearest seller’s warehouse. Export formalities include covering institute cargo clauses and arranging necessary insurance policies. The seller receives export customs permission, sends goods to the carrier for onward carriage, and continues to carry all responsibilities until they reach the agreed destination.

What Does CIP Price Mean? CIP price indicates that the buyer has no obligation regarding insurance. The seller is responsible for insurance costs, and the buyer can choose to pay for additional coverage. The seller must ensure goods in transit for 110% of the full CIP value.

Does CIP Include Customs Clearance? Yes, CIP includes customs clearance. The seller handles export customs and port duty payments, takes care of freight forwarding, and prepares all necessary documents for customs clearance and transit.

What Does CIP Mean in Shipping Terms? In international shipping terms, CIP encompasses the entire process from packing to final shipment, with all associated costs covered by the seller.

Who Pays Duty for CIP? The seller is responsible for all duty charges in CIP. They handle export clearance and deliver the goods to the carrier, at which point their risk ends.

What’s Next

CIP Incoterms provide a standardized language for international trade, ensuring clarity in responsibilities and cost management for both buyers and sellers. If you have any inquiries about CIP or need assistance with your international shipments, don’t hesitate to contact Ningqu.

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